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How Much Do You Know about Women Health During Pregnancy?

Overview:

Women health problems are more complex than women body. From macro to micro, there are many acute and chronic health issues that the modern women of today are facing!  Taking care of the entire family, from the husband to the kids she is left all alone with least introspection on her own health.  Two of the most common cancers affecting women are breast and cervical cancers. Detecting both these cancers early is key to keeping women alive and healthy. The latest global figures show that around half a million women die from cervical cancer and half a million from breast cancer each year. The vast majority of these deaths occur in low and middle-income countries where screening, prevention, and treatment are almost non-existent, and where vaccination against human papilloma virus needs to take hold. Sexual and reproductive health problems are responsible for one-third of health issues for women between the ages of 15 and 44 years. Unsafe sex is a major risk factor – particularly among women and girls in developing countries. This is why it is so important to get services to the 222 million women who aren’t getting the contraception services they need.

Women and their Health Problems:

Many women are now benefitting from massive improvements in care during pregnancy and childbirth introduced in the last century. But those benefits do not extend everywhere and in 2013, almost 300 000 women died from complications in pregnancy and childbirth. Most of these deaths could have been prevented, had access to family planning and to some quite basic services been in place. Three decades into the AIDS epidemic, it is young women who bear the brunt of new HIV infections. Too many young women still struggle to protect themselves against sexual transmission of HIV and to get the treatment they require. This also leaves them particularly vulnerable to tuberculosis – one of the leading causes of death in low-income countries of women 20–59 years.  Women can be subject to a range of different forms of violence, but physical and sexual violence – either by a partner or someone else is particularly invidious. Today, one in three women under 50 has experienced physical or sexual violence by a partner, or non-partner sexual violence which affects their physical and mental health in the short and long-term. It’s important for health workers to be alert to violence so they can help prevent it, as well as provide support to people who experience it. Evidence suggests that women are more prone than men to experience anxiety, depression, and somatic complaints – physical symptoms that cannot be explained medically. Depression is the most common mental health problem for women and suicides a leading cause of death for women under 60.

Ways to Help Women:

Helping sensitize women to mental health issues, and giving them the confidence to seek assistance, is vital. Developments in Obstetrics and Gynecology field includes the measurement of foetal growth and maturity in the antenatal period, increasing use of monitoring, induction and “acceleration” of labor, epidural anesthesia and very short stay in the hospital during the postnatal period. Some implications of these changes for the planning of future services are considered and matters for further research, particularly the acceptability of these developments to the mother and her family, are suggested.  Family planning is the practice of controlling the number of children in a family and the intervals between their births. Contemporary notions of family planning, however, tend to place a woman and her childbearing decisions at the center of the discussion, as notions of women’s empowerment and reproductive autonomy have gained traction in many parts of the world. Family planning may involve consideration of the number of children a woman wishes to have, including the choice to have no children, as well as the age at which she wishes to have them. These matters are influenced by external factors such as marital situation, career considerations, financial position, and any disabilities that may affect their ability to have children and raise them, besides many other considerations. Family planning is sometimes used as a synonym or euphemism for access to and the use of contraception. However, it often involves methods and practices in addition to contraception. Additionally, there are many who might wish to use contraception but are not, necessarily, planning a family (e.g., unmarried adolescents, young married couples delaying childbearing while building a career); family planning has become a catch-all phrase for much of the work undertaken in this realm. It is most usually applied to a female-male couple who wish to limit the number of children they have and/or to control the timing of pregnancy (also known as spacing children). Family planning may encompass sterilization. Talking about the different trends in reproduction, conceiving and different birth techniques IVF is given highest priority.

Techniques and Treatments:

In vitro fertilization (or fertilization; IVF) is a process of fertilization where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro (“in glass”). The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (zygote) undergoes embryo culture for 2–6 days, and is then transferred to the same or another woman’s uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology used for infertility treatment and gestational surrogacy, in which a fertilized egg is implanted into a surrogate’s uterus and the resulting child, is genetically unrelated to the surrogate. Some countries banned or otherwise regulate the availability of IVF treatment, giving rise to fertility tourism. Restrictions on the availability of IVF include costs and age to carry a healthy pregnancy to term. IVF is mostly attempted if less invasive or expensive options have failed or are unlikely to work.

Pregnancy Care:

Pregnancy partially suppresses your immune system, making you more vulnerable to foodborne illnesses like listeriosis and salmonella. While it’s relatively uncommon for such illnesses to lead to complications like miscarriage and premature labor, the resulting vomiting or diarrhea can make it harder to get the nutrients your baby needs. So it’s more important for every women’s health to strictly follow the usual food-safety measures, like using a separate cutting board for raw chicken and meat and washing fruits and vegetables. In addition, experts recommend avoiding foods that could harbor the bacteria that cause such infections or taking special precautions during preparation. You need to exercise certain precautions during the first trimester to avoid any serious health complications. What you do during the initial three months defines the health and wellness of your baby and that of yours too. Here are things that you should do during this trimester to ensure a smooth ride ahead. Make sure you get your calcium from milk or other food. Take 600 ml of milk or milk products every day for the calcium content. Take iron and folic acid supplements as prescribed by your doctor. It is important during the pre-conception and early pregnancy phase because this is when the foetus develops spine and nerve cells. Here are more reasons why you need to add folic acid to your diet during pregnancy. Don’t miss your visits to the doctor. Your prenatal checkups are your window into the womb and they help detect any issues early and can be corrected in most cases. Increase your fluid intake. Blood volume needs to increase during pregnancy to facilitate oxygen and nutrient delivery to both you and your baby. Get lots of sleep. Hormonal changes also make you feel worn out. So make it a point to get few naps whenever possible. Cut down on caffeine. Large amounts of caffeine consumption and an increased risk of miscarriage have been linked in some studies.

Conclusion:

A maternal bond is a relationship between a mother and her child. While typically associated with pregnancy and childbirth, a maternal bond may also develop in cases where the child is unrelated, such as an adoption. Both physical and emotional factors influence the mother-child bonding process. In separation anxiety disorder a child becomes fearful and nervous when away from a loved one, usually a parent or other caregiver. New mothers do not always experience instant love toward their child. Instead, the bond can strengthen over time. Bonds can take hours, days, weeks, or months to develop. Always have right treatment at right time during pregnancy.

BioLEAGUES gladly welcomes for the Gynecology and Obstetrics Summit – 2017, held on 15th – 16th December at Dubai, UAE to explore the recent trends and Medical advancement in the field of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

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